SAP Dictionary of Terms

How many projects have you been on where 1 acronym can mean different things to different people. It is generally good business practice to define a list of terms and acronyms to be used for a project. Here is a starting point should you be looking for a definition of a list of SAP terms.

ALE (Application Link Enabling)
It provides integration for separate R/3 systems, keeping full interaction. This makes possible distributed enterprise applications.
Application server
The application server is used to run the business application programs in the R/3 client/server concept. The application modules are loaded from the data base server to the application server as required.

Batch Input
A technique to input data safely. It ensures application data integrity for background interfaces. It pretends to be someone typing. See also direct input.

CATT (Computer Aided Test Tool)
It allows you to combine and automate sequences of repeatable transactions in test procedures. CATT reduces the number of manual tests, and forces you to test systematically, defining input values and expected test results.

CATS (Computer Aided Time Sheet)

CCMS (Computer Center Management System)
It allows you to monitor, control and configure your R/3 system. This toolset lets you analyze and distribute client workloads and report on resource consumption for system components.

Central System
In an R/3 central system, both application and data base software are run on one computer.

In commercial, organizational and technical terms, a self-contained unit in an R/3 system with separate master records and its owns set of tables.

Client/Server System
Client/server systems are structured modularly, with components working in a sender/receiver relationship. Software components can also be used in a client/server relationship.

Communication Server
It provides the connection between local area and wide area networks and may be either a router, a bridge or a gateway. In R/3 installations, the communication server must support the TCP/IP protocol over wide area networks.

Company code
The smallest organizational unit for which a complete self-contained set of accounts can be drawn up for purposes of external reporting. This involves recording all relevant transactions and generating all supporting documents for legally-required financial statements, such as balance sheets and profit and loss statements.

Computer type
The R/3 system supports various computer types of SAP’s platform partners, such as Bull, DEC, IBM and HP. The suitability of a particular computer type depends on sufficient CPU performance.

CPI-C (Common Programming Interface-Communications)
Common Programming Interface of Communication has been introduced by IBM as a high-level interface to SNA/LU6-2. CPI-C has become the subject of the X/Open standardization and is used by SAP to facilitate program-to-program communication between R/3 and external system. SAP offers CPI-C libraries based on TCP/IP.

It contains all the objects that a developer has changed or created. It also controls customizing that has been maintained.

A system to help SAP employees to give comprehensive support to their clients.

Data base server
The data base server stores the SAP application programs and data in the R/3 client/server concept. It also handles the SAP update program and batch jobs.

Direct Input
A recent technique to input data safely. It ensures application data integrity for background interfaces. See also batch input.

The system R/3 agent that identifies the type of task (on-line, update, batch, etc.) and sends the job to an idle work process.

It is a service that entails having your R/3 installation regularly inspected by SAP employees, in other to ensure high system availability and high data throughput at all time.

It is a LAN architecture using bus topology. The transmission speed is 10 MBit/s.

FDDI (Fiber Distributed Data Interchange)
It is a local high-speed network with ring topology based on light wave conductors. The transmission speed is 100

Field status
Indicator that specifies whether a field can take an entry in the entry screen or if it must be filled.

It is a means of controlling access through a public network to a private network.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
It is the most commonly used file transmission protocol of the TCP/IP protocol family.

GUI (Graphic User Interface)
A graphical interface used by SAP environment as part of the three tiers. It is normally called user front-end.

IDES (International Demonstration and Education System)
It is a model of an international firm.

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